Linguistic evidence and the dating of qoheleth

The work emphatically proclaims all the actions of man to be inherently "vain", "futile", "empty", "meaningless", "temporary", "transitory", or "fleeting," depending on translation, as the lives of both wise and foolish men end in death.While Qohelet clearly endorses wisdom as a means for a well-lived earthly life, he is unable to ascribe eternal meaning to it.The English name derives from the Greek translation of the Hebrew title.The main speaker in the book, identified by the name or title Qohelet, introduces himself as "son of David, and king in Jerusalem." The work consists of personal or autobiographic matter, at times expressed in aphorisms and maxims illuminated in terse paragraphs with reflections on the meaning of life and the best way of life.In light of this perceived senselessness, he suggests that one should enjoy the simple pleasures of daily life, such as eating, drinking, and taking enjoyment in one's wife and work, which are gifts from the hand of God.According to Talmud however, the point of Qohelet is to state that all is futile under the sun. ends with an extensive Epilogue examining the significance of Ecclesiastes for Christian faith and practice (121-37).This slender monograph is a revision of a Yale University Ph. dissertation (2011) written under the supervision of Robert R. The catalyst for the research was the decade-long (and continuing) debate between Avi Hurvitz and other “consensus” scholars or “traditionalists” on the one hand and Ian Young, Martin Ehrensvärd, myself, and other “challengers” on the other, regarding the possibility of determining the dates of origin of Biblical Hebrew (BH) writings on the basis of their linguistic characteristics (pp. Aside from the standard front and back matters, the body of the book has six chapters.

Structure of the Book: Reading this book one soon becomes aware that it is a discussion of certain difficult problems of human life.

A better alternative is "teacher," as "a teacher not only assembles information to convey to students but also carries out this function in an assembly, perhaps even in a place of congregational worship." However, this rendition is not without its own issues, as "there are other perfectly good and far more common Hebrew words for "teacher," …

and whether qohelet would have been understood as a synonym for any of them is difficult to judge because this title occurs only in the book of Ecclesiastes." Regardless, it is this reading that is assumed in the exegesis below.

One should therefore ignore physical pleasures and put all one's efforts towards that which is above the Sun.

This is summed up in the second to last verse: "The end of the matter; all has been heard.

Linguistic evidence and the dating of qoheleth